About Prints

WHAT IS AN ORIGINAL PRINT?

ORIGINAL PRINT:
An image produced from a matrix that may be a plate, stone, wood block, linoleum or silkscreen

REPRODUCTION:
A copy of an image that already exists in another medium, such as a painting or drawing.

PLATE:
A flat surface on which something is incised, engraved, or eroded by an acid or mordant.  A plate may also be built up to create an image as with carborundum or collographs.

TYPES OF PRINTS

RELIEF PRINT
A print developed on a wood or linoleum block.  The block is carved away using knives, gauges or chisels, leaving the image as the raised surface.  The plate is rolled with ink and printed.

INTAGLIO
A print developed on a metal plate, usually copper or zinc.  The image is incised or etched with acid into the plate, creating grooves or pits. Although ink is applied to the entire plate, it is then surface wiped, leaving ink only in the recessed areas.  An etching press is used to transfer the image to damp paper. Intaglio techniques include drypoint, aquatint, engraving and mezzotint.

LITHOGRAPH
A print created using a planographic process.  The image is created using a grease pencil or tusche on limestone or an aluminum plate.  The surface is chemically treated so the ink adheres only to the image area.  The stone/plate is wiped with water, rolled with ink and printed on a press.

COLLAGRAPH
A print created by using a collage as its plate.  The image is created using a variety of textural materials that have been glued to a plate.  When dry, the plate is inked and printed using either relief and/or intaglio methods.

MONOTYPE
A planographic process where the surface of the plate is rolled, painted or scraped with ink to create the image.  The ink is transferred to paper by applying pressure.  Very little ink is left after the initial printing, thus making each print unique and one of a kind.

MONOPRINT
A print made using an existing etched plate with additional ink manipulation on the surface of the original or secondary plate.  Each monoprint impression is considered an original because it would be impossible to manipulate the inked plate the same way twice.

 DIGITAL PRINTS
A print created digitally with a computer as the artist’s tool. The image is often printed using a high-resolution ink jet printer.  Digital prints may also be combined with other traditional methods.

INTAGLIO-TYPE
A print created using non-toxic processes that utilizes a photopolymer film adhered to a plastic or metal plate.  Imagery can be created using traditional painting or drawing techniques on Mylar or may be computer generated.  The plate is exposed and etched using non-toxic chemicals. It is inked and printed using conventional printing methods.

 

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